What is a Fiber Optic Cable and Why it is a Good Option?

  • Last modified: December 28, 2023

Subscribe to Work Life

Get stories like this in your inbox

What is a Fiber Optic Cable and Why it is a Good Option?

A fiber optic cable is a type of cable that has numerous numbers of optical fiber bundled together covered in a protective layer. Instead of electrical signals like copper wires, pulses of light pass through to transfer data. Fiber optic cable uses total internal reflection phenomenon.

Types of Fiber Optics

There are three types of fiber optic cables available in the market. There are Single mode, Multimode, and Photonic fiber optics. The core diameter is very small in the single-mode. Multimode has a bigger core diameter. This allows more light to pass through it which means more data passes through it at any given time. This is good for short-distance applications.

In photonic fiber, the cavities around the core guide the transmission of light. The presence of core could be in a glass or even in the air cavity. Although these cables are available in the market, their performance is still under observation.

Benefits of Fiber Optics

High Bandwidth Levels – Fiber Optics can provide more data bandwidth than the copper wires of the same diameter. Especially, single-mode cable has an outstanding performance in this regard. Fiber optic has a better chance against Latency as well. You get more downloading and uploading speed.

Safety and Security – Optical Fibers are very safe to handle because electricity is not involved in transferring data. These cables come with a lot of security as well. Fiber optic does not emit signals that is why is it incredibility difficult to intercept the data.

EMI Immunity – This another advantage that comes with fiber optics. Cross-talk is a major issue with electrical cables. It causes data interruption and performance issues. Fiber optics, on the other hand, do not produce electromagnetic interferences. This gives them a big edge over copper ethernet cables.

NewYork Cables carry a wide range of Single-mode and Multimode optical fiber cables. We have a variety of connectors as well. You can buy them at a reasonable price with no shipping cost.


Specification Cat5e Cat6 Cat6a
Cable Jacket Plenum, Riser & PVC Plenum, Riser & PVC Plenum & Riser
Wire Gauge 24-AWG 23-AWG 23-AWG Highly Twisted
Frequencies 350 MHZ 550 MHZ 750 MHZ
Installation Temp 0°C to 60°C 0°C to 60°C 0°C to 60°C
Pairs 4 Twisted Pairs 4 Twisted Pairs 4 Twisted Pairs
Package Easy Pull Box Easy Pull Box Wood Spool
Colors Black, Blue, White, Red, Green, Yellow Black, Blue, White, Red, Green, Yellow Black, Blue, White, Red, Green, Yellow
Jasper Tanner

Jasper Tanner, our fiber optic guru, simplifies the intricacies of high-speed connectivity. Count on his blogs to navigate the world of fiber optics effortlessly.

Leave a Reply